Anxiety, family history precursors to depression in youth

Anxiety, family history precursors to depression in youth

Anxiety and depression often occur sequentially in children and adolescents that augment the repercussions over time. Although worry, fear and stress are part of one’s life, they may tend to escalate over time and erupt frequently causing severe physical and mental imbalance on a repetitive basis. Some of the best ways to predict one’s depressive disorder are by understanding the significant antecedents, such as poverty, psychosocial adversity and family history of depression.

According to a 2010 study, “Comorbidity of Anxiety and Depression in Youth: Implications for Treatment and Prevention,” the various anxiety and depressive disorders tend to cluster strongly within families and come to surface across different generations.  The study highlighted that the sequential existence of anxiety and depression in children and adolescents are due to:

  • Substantial overlap of both the symptoms and items used to assess these putatively different disorders.
  • Common etiological factors, such as familial risk, underlying negative affectivity, similar information processing biases, neural substrates implicated in the development of each condition
  • Aftereffects of anxiety pose an increased risk for the development of depression.

Although several factors may explain this imbalance in variation, co-occurring symptoms that appear in early teenage years are responsible for the apparent association between anxiety and subsequently depression during adolescence. Unlike other issues associated with anxiety, the recurrence of comorbidity depends on the anxiety symptoms and disorders that are assessed.

The intensity of the sequential recurrence of depressive disorder along with anxiety also varies by age and the developmental period. While anxiety may be rampant and common during childhood, depression may increase during adolescence. According to a research published in the JAMA Psychiatry, irritability and fear or anxiety have emerged as significant precursors to adolescent depression, also known as teen depression, in the children of depressed parents. However, low mood or disruptive behavior do not particularly signify or predict major depressive disorder in these children.

Shared familial risk of anxiety leading to depression

Family studies have consistently revealed that the offspring of depressed parents are highly vulnerable to the early onset anxiety disorders, as well as depression, compared to children not exposed to a dysfunctional family. Although genes play a significant role in the etiology of anxiety and depression, numerous studies suggest that parenting behaviors and management too play a pivotal role in the transmission of anxiety and depression during adulthood.

Anxiety itself is a risk factor for depression. Parental depression along with other factors, such as poverty, stress, lack of effective preventive programs focusing on children and ineffective family-based programs, children are at a high risk of developing the problem of depression.

Seek treatment for mental disorders

People often tend to carry forward the depressive tendencies even in adulthood because of the repercussions of childhood anxiety. Although there are treatments for anxiety that may prove effective in substantially decreasing the symptoms of depression, the procedure for preventing depression by successfully treating anxiety in youth is yet to be determined. Such a treatment will simplify and prevent the repercussions of both anxiety and depression.

If you or your loved one is struggling with depression or any other form of mental disorders, contact the Texas Depression Treatment Help to enquire about the depression treatment centers in Texas. Call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866-827-0282 or chat online for more information and support.